There is a strong base of evidence that support anxiety and stress, as the reason for developing most of the mental disorders. Stress can take a toll on many individuals and trigger unpleasant behaviours that ruin a person’s daily functioning. There are many categories of mental disorders such as effective, anxiety, cognitive, developmental, personality, psychosis etc. Of these categories, majority of the individuals are said to develop different anxiety disorders.
These disorders stem as a result of an individual’s lifestyle changes, thoughts and behaviours. You don’t realize these, until it becomes serious to the extent that, you are unable to live a fully functioning life. For example unable to work, enjoy time with friends, neglect health, etc. As a fact, you would have to meet a professional to help you to get back with your daily routines. Hence it is important to understand what anxiety disorders are. The following are some of the facts about anxiety disorders:
Types of anxiety disorders
There are many types of such disorders ranging from mild to severe disturbances. The most common panic attacks are situations when individual’s experiences frequent anxiety along with attacks of panic. The duration lasts for about 10 minutes to 30 minutes. Hyperventilation and tachycardia are the key symptoms. General anxiety disorder (GAD) is where individuals are constantly worried and exaggerate due to irrational worrying. Some of the symptoms of this disorder are feeling restless, fatigued, unable to concentrate and muscle tension, etc. Alternatively an anxiety psychologist is visited to treat obsessive compulsions (OCD). This is a disorder characterized by recurrent thoughts or impulses and conducting ritualistic behaviours to control these obsessions. OCD is an anxiety disorder that cannot be cured but where treatment focuses on controlling the symptoms.
Moreover, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is another major type of the condition that impairs an individual’s normal functioning. These individuals have problems including irritability, insomnia, recollections of the event, hyper sensitive to environmental cues, and more. Individuals who are likely to develop PTSD are soldiers, victims who were saved from a disaster, social workers or tertiary witnesses of a terrible event.
Role of mental health professionals
There are many professionals who deal with patients and clients suffering from anxiety disorders. Councellors are able to treat individuals with mild anxiety attacks. They talk with the client and discuss the feelings of the client. At the end of the session, they give exercises to help the client deal with the situation. Alternatively, an depression psychologist in Brisbane assesses the client to diagnose the problem using different validated psychometric tools. After which they engage in intensive therapy interventions including homework, to treat the client.
While some may not feel comfortable to talk with professionals about their problems, others would visit a psychiatrist. These professionals give pharmacotherapy by prescribing antidepressants, benzodiazepines or antipsychotic medication (for clients with PTSD).
If you are experiencing these symptoms, you can visit mental health counselling professional to seek help for related problems.